The new project for a detached house in Abrera is located on a plot with a strong slope. The very elongated and narrow geometry of the site and the orientation directed mostly to the north, forces to look for passive solar capture strategies such as the incorporation of a patio. In this sense, this central piece allows us to organize the interior spaces, in addition to gaining more solar capture facades.
The house is built on one floor looking for adaptation to the strong slope of the terrain and where access is located on the ground floor through a double space. The interior spaces are organized through the central patio in which the intrinsic relationship of this space is sought through the patio, generating visuals and diagonals that allow to enlarge the spatial sensation. On the lower floor, we are looking for a large flexible space that can be used at various times of the year, allowing cross ventilation in the summer, but at the same time protecting us in the winter.
In terms of materiality, a solid ceramic brick base is proposed that will allow the support of the upper light structure. This base allows us to achieve contact with the terrain and adapt to the slope of the terrain.
Access to maximum solar radiation in winter is the priority strategy to reduce energy demand but also protect yourself from solar radiation during summer. In this sense, the southern orientation is the best answer to this requirement and at the same time the one that allows you to protect yourself from the sun in the summer more simply, since the radiation is more vertical. At the same time, it also guarantees adequate natural lighting. In this sense, it is important to place architectural elements of solar protection such as overhangs or blinds that allow radiation inside in winter, but also protection in summer.
Another relevant factor when designing the building is to enhance the green spaces throughout the complex, since it is the strategy that offers the most advantages. In this sense, with the reduction of the heat island effect, a favorable microclimate is generated, water infiltration occurs in the ground, CO2 is captured and the whole set causes an emotional well-being.
Architecture: Laboqueria Architecture Workshop